Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW)

Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) are defined by the International Tracing Instrument / ITI (International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons) as “any man-portable lethal weapon that expels or launches, is designed to expel or launch, or may be readily converted to expel or launch a shot, bullet or projectile by the action of an explosive, excluding antique small arms and light weapons or their replicas.”

The categories and types of weapons in this Guide follow those listed in the ITI.


by category by weapon name
Weapon name Category Number of countries
AGS-17 Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 28
AK-47 / AKM Assault Rifles 122
AK-74 Assault Rifles 111
AR 15 (M16/M4) Assault Rifles 98
Beretta 92/ 92 FS Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 20
Beretta AR70/90 Assault Rifles 17
Beretta M 12 Submachine Guns 29
Browning M 2 Heavy Machine Guns 111
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Recoilless Guns/Rifles 47
Colt M1911 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 47
CZ 75 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 20
CZ Scorpion Submachine Guns 27
Daewoo DAR 21 / XK8 Assault Rifles 1
Daewoo K11 Assault Rifles 2
Daewoo K1 / K2 Assault Rifles 18
Dragunov SVD Rifles & Carbines 54
DShk Heavy Machine Guns 86
FAMAS F1 Assault Rifles 14
FATIH 13 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 7
FIM-92 Stinger Portable Launcher of Anti-aircraft Missile Systems 37
FN FAL Assault Rifles 101
FN Herstal FN MAG Heavy Machine Guns 101
FN High Power Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 92
FN MINIMI Light Machine Guns 49
FN P90 Submachine Guns 47
GDATP MK 19 Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 31
Glock 17 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 57
HK 21 Light Machine Guns 36
HK 23 Light Machine Guns 26
HK33 Assault Rifles 27
HK G3 Assault Rifles 86
HK G36 Assault Rifles 49
HK MP5 Submachine Guns 99
HK USP Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 7
IGLA (SA-16 / SA-18) Portable Launcher of Anti-aircraft Missile Systems 53
IWI NEGEV Light Machine Guns 14
IWI Tavor TAR-21 Assault Rifles 27
KBP GP-25/ 30 Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 12
Lee-Enfield SMLE Rifles & Carbines 65
M1918 Browning Light Machine Guns 45
M1919 Browning Light Machine Guns 43
M203 grenade launcher Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 69
M60 Light Machine Guns 56
M79 Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 48
Makarov PM Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 61
MAS 49 Rifles & Carbines 29
MAS 49/56 Rifles & Carbines 34
MAT 49 Submachine Guns 35
Mauser K98 Rifles & Carbines 71
MBDA MILAN Portable Launcher of Anti-tank Missile and Rocket Systems 43
MG 3 / MG 42 Light Machine Guns 44
Milkor MRGL Hand-held under-barrel and Mounted Grenade Launchers 26
Mosin-Nagant Rifle Mod. 1891 Rifles & Carbines 62
Mossberg 500 Rifles & Carbines 22
Norinco Type 63 Rifles & Carbines 6
Norinco Type 67 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 2
Norinco Type 81 Assault Rifles 12
Norinco Type 95/ 97 Assault Rifles 7
Panzerfaust 3 (PzF 3) Portable Launcher of Anti-tank Missile and Rocket Systems 11
Pindad SS Assault Rifles 5
PK Light Machine Guns 71
PPSH 41 Submachine Guns 42
Remington 870P Rifles & Carbines 31
RPD Light Machine Guns 65
RPG-18 Portable Launcher of Anti-tank Missile and Rocket Systems 1
RPG 2 Portable Anti-tank Guns 64
RPG-22 Portable Launcher of Anti-tank Missile and Rocket Systems 11
RPG 7 Portable Anti-tank Guns 100
RPK Light Machine Guns 70
Ruger Mini-14 Rifles & Carbines 6
Saab AT4 Portable Launcher of Anti-tank Missile and Rocket Systems 31
SA vz 23 / 25 Submachine Guns 17
SA vz 24 / 26 Submachine Guns 20
SIG SG510-4 Assault Rifles 5
SIG SG540 Assault Rifles 49
SIG SG550 Assault Rifles 26
Simonov SKS Rifles & Carbines 80
Sten gun Submachine Guns 55
Sterling L2A3 Submachine Guns 66
Steyr AUG Assault Rifles 47
Strela (SA-7 / SA-14) Portable Launcher of Anti-aircraft Missile Systems 89
Thompson M1928 Submachine Guns 33
Tokarev TT-30/TT-33 Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 61
UZI Submachine Guns 84
Webley Mk. IV Self-Loading Pistols & Revolvers 25